A Rechargeable Aqueous Lithium Ion Battery with High Rate Capability Based on Metallic Cadmium and LiCoO2

 Yu Liu Yu Liu , Suning Gao Suning Gao , Rudolf Holze Rudolf Holze
Российский электрохимический журнал
Abstract / Full Text

An aqueous rechargeable lithium ion battery with metallic cadmium as the negative electrode, LiCoO2 nanoparticles as the positive electrode, and a neutral aqueous electrolyte solution of 0.5 M Li2SO4 and 10 mM Cd(Ac)2 is reported. It has good electrochemical performance. The calculated energy density based on the practically available capacity of the two electrodes is 72 W h kg–1; this is comparable to that of Ni–Cd batteries. The positive mercury electrode of the Weston cell is replaced by a LiCoO2 electrode, the negative cadmium amalgam by a plain cadmium metal electrode. Mercury is completely avoided. Compared with Ni–Cd batteries an alkaline electrolyte solution is not needed making the system more environment-friendly.

Author information
  • Technische Universität Chemnitz, Institut für Chemie, AG Elektrochemie, D-09107, Chemnitz, Germany

    Yu Liu, Suning Gao & Rudolf Holze

  • Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Waterloo, N2L3G1, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada

    Yu Liu

  • State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, College of Energy Science and Technology and Institute of Advanced Materials , Nanjing Tech University, 211816, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China

    Rudolf Holze

  • Saint Petersburg State University, Institute of Chemistry, 199034, St. Petersburg, Russia

    Rudolf Holze

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