The Effect of the Lithium Borate Surface Layer on the Electrochemical Properties of the Lithium-Ion Battery Positive Electrode Material LiNi1/3Mn1/3Co1/3O2

K. V. Nefedova K. V. Nefedova , V. D. Zhuravlev V. D. Zhuravlev , A. M. Murzakaev A. M. Murzakaev , V. V. Yagodin V. V. Yagodin , M. V. Kuznetsov M. V. Kuznetsov , E. Yu. Evshchik E. Yu. Evshchik , V. M. Skachkov V. M. Skachkov , O. V. Bushkova O. V. Bushkova
Российский электрохимический журнал
Abstract / Full Text

The electrochemical behavior of layer-structure LiNi1/3Mn1/3Сo1/3O2 solid solution, a positive electrode material of lithium-ion battery, with surface protective layer of amorphous lithium borate is studied. The protective coating is prepared by the eutectic incongruent melting at 750°C of a pre-synthesized compound Li3BO3, mechanically mixed with LiNi1/3Mn1/3Сo1/3O2 powder. The glassy lithium borate 3Li2O∙B2O3 is found to form island-like structures presumably localized in electrochemically active regions of the active-material particles’ surface. The optimal lithium borate content, which makes possible the LiNi1/3Mn1/3Сo1/3O2 stable cycling at 0.5 C rate with the maximum discharge capacity, is found to be equal to 1 wt %.

Author information
  • Institute of Solid State Chemistry, Urals Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russia

    K. V. Nefedova, V. D. Zhuravlev, V. V. Yagodin, M. V. Kuznetsov, V. M. Skachkov & O. V. Bushkova

  • Institute of Electrophysics, Urals Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Yekaterinburg, Russia

    A. M. Murzakaev

  • Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Chernogolovka, Russia

    E. Yu. Evshchik

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