Determination of Sulfite in Wine Using Differential Pulse Polarography

 Güler Somer Güler Somer , Şükrü Kalaycı Şükrü Kalaycı , Ümmihan Yılmaz Ümmihan Yılmaz
Российский электрохимический журнал
Abstract / Full Text

Sulfite determination plays an important role, since it is used in some food stuff as protecting agent. It is a known fact that higher values of sulfite in foods will create some health problems. Thus, its accurate determination has a vital importance. In this investigation a new and simple DP polarographic method is established for the determination of sulfite. The polarographic peak of sulfite was used for its determination. The polarograms of sulfite were taken in various electrolytes and pH values in the presence or absence of wine in order to find the best working conditions. It was possible to determine 2 × 10–6 M sulfite in pH 4 Hac–NaAc electrolyte. This method is applied to various wines and it was possible to determine the free and bound sulfite. The results obtained were also compared with an iodometric method used in TSE (Turkish standardization Institute).

Author information
  • Gazi University, Chemistry Department, Ankara, Turkey

    Güler Somer, Şükrü Kalaycı & Ümmihan Yılmaz

  1. Fazio, T. and Warner, C.R., A review of sulphites in foods: analytical methodology and reported findings, Food Addit. Contam., 1990, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 433–454.
  2. Somer, G. and Kocak, A., Determination of atmospheric sulfur dioxide by differential-pulse polarography using selenite, Analyst, 1993, vol. 118, pp. 657–659.
  3. Monnier, G. and Williams, S., Determination of sulfur dioxide, Analyst, 1972, vol. 95, pp. 119–122.
  4. Decnop-Weever, L.G. and Kraak, J.C., Determination of sulphite in wines by gas-diffusion flow injection analysis utilizing spectrophotometric pH-detection, Anal. Chim. Acta, 1997, vol. 337, pp. 125–131.
  5. Cosano, J.S., Luque de Castro, M.D., and Valcárcel, M., Automatic continuous-flow determination of sulphite in the presence of a high concentration of thiosulphate, Anal. Chim. Acta, 1995, vol. 302, pp. 269–274.
  6. Pizzoferrato, L., Di Lullo, G., and Quattrucci, E., Determination of free, bound and total sulphites in foods by indirect photometry-HPLC, Food Chem., 1998, vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 275–279.
  7. Qin, W., Zhang, Z., and Zhang, C., Reagentless chemiluminescence flow sensor for sulfite, Anal. Chim. Acta, 1998, vol. 361, pp. 201–204.
  8. Amatatongchai, M., Sroysee, W., Chairam, S., and Nacapricha, D., Simple flow injection for determination of sulfite by amperometric detection using glassy carbon electrode modified with carbon nanotubes-PDDA-gold nanoparticles, Talanta, 2015, vol. 133, pp. 134–141.
  9. Garber, R.W. and Wilson, C.E., Determination of atmospheric sulfur dioxide by differential pulse polarography, Anal. Chem., 1972, vol. 44, no. 8, pp. 1357–1360.
  10. Umiker, K.J., Mora, M.J., and Cheng, I.F., Aqueous sulfur species determination using differential pulse polarography, Microchem. J., 2002, vol. 73, pp. 287–297.
  11. Pournaghi-Azar, M.H. and Sabzi, R.E., Electrocatalytic oxidation of sulfite on a cobalt pentacyanonitrosylferrate film modified glassy carbon electrode, Electroanalysis, 2004, vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 860–864.
  12. Yilmaz, T.U. and Somer, G., Determination of trace sulfite by direct and indirect methods using differential pulse polarography, Anal. Chim. Acta, 2007, vol. 603, pp. 30–35.
  13. Sid Kalal, H., Ghadiri, M., Miran Beigi, A.A., and Seyed Sadjadi, S.A., Simultaneous determination of trace amounts of sulfite and thiosulfate in petroleum and its distillates by extraction and differential pulse polarography, Anal. Chim. Acta, 2004, vol. 502, no. 1, pp. 133–139.
  14. Isaac, A., Wain, A.J., Compton, R.G., Livingstone, C., and Davis, J., A novel electroreduction strategy for the determination of sulfite, Analyst, 2004, vol. 130, pp. 1343–1344.
  15. De Marcos, S., Alcubierre, G.J., and Castillo, J.R., Reagentless system for sulphite based on polyaniline, Anal. Chim. Acta, 2004, vol. 502, no. 1, pp. 7–13.
  16. Renard, J., Kubes, G., and Bolker, H., Polarographic determination of sulfur compounds in pulping liquors, Anal. Chem., 1975, vol. 47, no. 8, pp. 1347–1352.
  17. Scampicchio, M., Lawrence, N.S., Arecchi, A., and Mannino, S., Determination of sulfite in wine by linear sweep voltammetry, Electroanalysis, 2008, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 444–447.
  18. Koch, M., Köppen, R., Siegel, D., Witt, A., and Nehls, I., Determination of total sulfite in wine by ion chromatography after in-sample oxidation. BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, J. Agric. Food Chem., 2010, vol. 58, no. 17, pp. 9463–9467.