Application of anodized edge-plane pyrolytic graphite electrode for analysis of clindamycin in pharmaceutical formulations and human urine samples

Mojtaba Hadi Mojtaba Hadi , Ebrahim Honarmand Ebrahim Honarmand
Российский электрохимический журнал
Abstract / Full Text

Different graphitic carbon-based electrode materials were evaluated for direct electro-oxidation of clindamycin and electroanalytical parameters such as sensitivity, residual background current, and signal-tobackground current ratio were compared to select the best one for the clindamycin electroanalysis. Such electrode materials include glassy carbon, carbon paste, pyrolytic graphite (edge-plane and basal-plane), carbon nanotube, reduced graphene oxide, and carbon black. The edge-plane pyrolytic graphite electrode after a simple and fast electrochemical pretreatment showed superior performance compared with the other carbon electrodes. Raman and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy were employed to analyze the surface microstructure and chemical bonding of the carbon materials and scanning electron microscopy was used to study their surface morphologic features. The applicability of the electrochemically activated edge-plane pyrolytic graphite electrode for the determination of clindamycin in pharmaceutical formulations and human urine samples was evaluated.

Author information
  • Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Qom, Qom, Iran

    Mojtaba Hadi & Ebrahim Honarmand

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