Transport numbers of H+ and O2- in the electrochemical system (H2 + H2O),Me/BaCe0.9Nd0.1O3-α/Me,(H2 + H2O)

B. L. Kuzin B. L. Kuzin , S. M. Beresnev S. M. Beresnev , A. V. Bannykh A. V. Bannykh , M. V. Perfil’yev M. V. Perfil’yev
Российский электрохимический журнал
Abstract / Full Text

In the temperature range 873–1123 K, transport numbers of oxygen ions and protons are determined in the system (H2 + H2O), Me/BaCe0.9Nd0.1O3-α/Me,(H2 + H2O), where Me = Ag, Au, Pt, Ni, by the emf and current methods. The determined transport numbers are independent of the determination method, the electrode material, the current direction (anodic and cathodic polarization of the electrode), polarizability of electrodes, and the partial water (hydrogen) pressure in the gas phase. This unambiguously suggests that the transport numbers refer to the solid electrolyte, and not the electrochemical system as a whole. It also follows that partial currents of the hydrogen ionization and the oxygen ion discharge are determined by the transport numbers of protons and oxygen ions in the electrolyte. At a constant temperature, their ratio is affected by neither the electrode potential nor the gas phase composition, i.e., both electrode reactions have a common limiting step (or steps).

Author information
  • Institute of High-Temperature Electrochemistry, Ural Division, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. S. Kovalevskoi 20, 620219, Ekaterinburg, Russia

    B. L. Kuzin, S. M. Beresnev, A. V. Bannykh & M. V. Perfil’yev

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