Stability against Degradation and Activity of Catalysts with Different Platinum Load Synthesized at Carbon Nanotubes
V. A. Bogdanovskaya, A. V. Kuzov, M. V. Radina, V. Ya. Filimonov, G. M. Sudarev, M. A. Osina
Российский электрохимический журнал
Platinum catalysts synthesized at carbon nanotubes with the noble metal content of 20 and 40 wt % are studied under model conditions and in cathodes of membrane-electrode assemblies (MEA) of hydrogen–air fuel cells with proton-conducting polymer electrolyte. The effect of the cathode active layer and MEA overall composition on the activity and operation stability of the synthesized catalytic systems is elucidated. Stability against degradation is studied by using the accelerated stress-testing method by the cathode potential repeated cycling over the 0.6–1.3 V range. The synthesized catalysts were shown to possess higher stability against degradation as compared to the commercial 60Pt/C catalysts (HiSPEC). Contribution of the electrochemical, Ohmic, and transport components into the overall voltage losses depends on the total platinum surface area in the active layers, which determines the polarization current density, and on the Pt mass at the support. The higher Ohmic and transport losses in the case of the catalyst with the Pt content of 40 wt %, as compared to the catalyst containing 20 wt % of platinum, are due to the structural characteristics, namely, a decrease in the carbon nanotubes’ pore volume and size when a greater metal load is applied.
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