Preparation and Supercapacitive Performance of Lead Dioxide Electrodes with Three-Dimensional Porous Structure

Yingwu Yao Yingwu Yao , Xin Chen Xin Chen , Naichuan Yu Naichuan Yu , Feng Wei Feng Wei , Huailiang Feng Huailiang Feng
Российский электрохимический журнал
Abstract / Full Text

The three-dimensional porous structure PbO2 electrodes (3D-PbO2 electrodes) were prepared in the lead nitrate solution by potentiostatically electrodeposition method using oxygen bubble as dynamic template, which can be used as the positive materials of the supercapacitors. The morphology and structure of 3D-PbO2 electrodes were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The supercapacitive performance of 3D-PbO2 electrodes were investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV), galvanostatic charge-discharge tests (GCD) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The specific capacitance of 3D-PbO2 electrodes can reach 195.6 F g–1 at 0.2 A g–1, which is 2.8 times higher than that of Flat-PbO2 electrodes (68.8 F g–1). The charge transfer resistance (Rct) of 3D-PbO2 electrodes (8.21 Ohm cm–2) is lower than that of Flat-PbO2 electrodes (21.32 Ohm cm–2). The excellent supercapacitive performance of 3D-PbO2 electrodes can be attributed to the three-dimensional porous structure, which can enlarge the active surface area of lead dioxide electrodes and promote the electrolyte diffusion and electrons propagation.

Author information
  • Hebei University of Technology, School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin, 300130, China

    Yingwu Yao, Xin Chen, Naichuan Yu, Feng Wei & Huailiang Feng

  1. González, A., Goikolea, E., Barrena, J.A., and Mysyk, R., Review on supercapacitors: Technologies and materials, Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev., 2016, vol. 58, p. 1189.
  2. Wang, G., Zhang, L., and Zhang, J., A review of electrode materials for electrochemical supercapacitors, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2012, vol. 41, p. 797.
  3. Amadelli, R., Samiolo, L., Battisti, A.D., and Velichenko, A.B., Electro-oxidation of some phenolic compounds by electrogenerated O3 and by direct electrolysis at PbO2 anodes. J. Electrochem. Soc., 2011, vol. 158, p. P87.
  4. Li, X., Pletcher, D., and Walsh, F.C., Electrodeposited lead dioxide coatings, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2011, vol. 40, p. 3879.
  5. Perret, P., Khani, Z., Brousse, T., Bélanger, D., and Guay, D., Carbon/PbO2 asymmetric electrochemical capacitor based on methanesulfonic acid electrolyte, Electrochim. Acta, 2011, vol. 56, p. 8122.
  6. Shmychkova, O., Luk’yanenko, T., Amadelli, R., and Velichenko, A., Electrodeposition of Ni2+-doped PbO2 and physicochemical properties of the coating, J. Electroanal. Chem., 2016, vol. 774, p. 88.
  7. Kopczyński, K., Kolanowski, Ł., Baraniak, M., Lota, K., Sierczyńska, A., and Lota, G., Highly amorphous PbO2 as an electrode in hybrid electrochemical capacitors, Curr. Appl. Phys., 2017, vol. 17, p. 66.
  8. Moncada, A., Piazza, S., Sunseri, C., and Inguanta, R., Recent improvements in PbO2 nanowire electrodes for lead-acid battery, J. Power Sources, 2015, vol. 275, p. 181.
  9. Yang, C.J. and Park, S.M., Electrochemical behavior of PbO2 nanowires array anodes in a zinc electrowinning solution, Electrochim. Acta, 2013, vol. 108, p. 86.
  10. Ghasemi, S., Mousavi, M.F., Karami, H., Shamsipur, M., and Kazemi, S.H., Energy storage capacity investigation of pulsed current formed nano-structured lead dioxide, Electrochim. Acta, 2006, vol. 52, p. 1596.
  11. Yu, N. and Gao, L., Electrodeposited PbO2 thin film on Ti electrode for application in hybrid supercapacitor, Electrochem. Commun., 2009, vol. 11, p. 220.
  12. Zhang, W., Lin, H., Kong, H., Lu, H., Yang, Z., and Liu, T., High energy density PbO2/activated carbon asymmetric electrochemical capacitor based on lead dioxide electrode with three-dimensional porous titanium substrate, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 2014, vol. 39, p. 17153.
  13. Ramirez, G., Recio, F.J., Herrasti, P., Ponce-De-Leon, C., and Sires, I., Effect of RVC porosity on the performance of PbO2 composite coatings with titanate nanotubes for the electrochemical oxidation of azo dyes, Electrochim. Acta, 2016, vol. 204, p. 9.
  14. Chai, S., Zhao, G., Wang, Y., Zhang, Y.N., Wang, Y., Jin, Y., and Huang, X., Fabrication and enhanced electrocatalytic activity of 3D highlyordered macroporous PbO2 electrode for recalcitrant pollutant incineration, Appl. Catal., B, 2014, vol. 147, p. 275.
  15. Comisso, N., Cattarin, S., Guerriero, P., Mattarozzi, L., Musiani, M., and Verlato, E., Electrochemical behaviour of porous PbO2 layers prepared by oxygen bubble templated anodic deposition, Electrochim. Acta, 2016, vol. 200, p. 259.
  16. Li, R., Mao, H., Zhang, J., Huang, T., and Yu, A., Rapid synthesis of porous Pd and PdNi catalysts using hydrogen bubble dynamic template and their enhanced catalytic performance for methanol electrooxidation, J. Power Sources, 2013, vol. 241, p. 660.
  17. Zheng, Q., Zhang, X., and Shen, Y., Construction of hierarchical porous NiCo2O4 films composed of nanowalls as cathode materials for high-performance supercapacitor, Mater. Res. Bull., 2015, vol. 64, p. 401.
  18. Yu, N., Gao, L., Zhao, S., and Wang, Z., Electrodeposited PbO2 thin film as positive electrode in PbO2/AC hybrid capacitor, Electrochim. Acta, 2009, vol. 54, p. 3835.
  19. Li, M., Ma, K.Y., Cheng, J.P., Lv, D., and Zhang, X.B., Nickel-cobalt hydroxide nanoflakes conformal coating on carbon nanotubes as a supercapacitive material with high-rate capability, J. Power Sources, 2015, vol. 286, p. 438.
  20. Wang, T., Guo, Y., Zhao, B., Yu, S., Yang, H.P., Lu, D., Fu, X.Z., Sun, R., and Wong, C.P., NiCo2O4 nanosheets in-situ grown on three-dimensional porous Ni film current collectors as integrated electrodes for high-performance supercapacitors, J. Power Sources, 2015, vol. 286, p. 371.
  21. Xu, L., Li, M., and Xu, W., Preparation and characterization of Ti/SnO2-Sb electrode with copper nanorods for AR 73 removal, Electrochim. Acta, 2015, vol. 166, p. 64.
  22. Bai, Y., Wang, R., Lu, X., Sun, J., and Gao, L., Template method to controllable synthesis 3D porous NiCo2O4 with enhanced capacitance and stability for supercapacitors, Colloid. Interface Sci., 2016, vol. 468, p. 1.
  23. Huang, K.J., Zhang, J.Z., and Cai, J.L., Preparation of porous layered molybdenum selenide-graphene composites on Ni foam for high-performance supercapacitor and electrochemical sensing, Electrochim. Acta, 2015, vol. 180, p. 770.
  24. Yang, X., Qu, F., Niu, H., Wang, Q., Yan, J., and Fan, Z., High-performance aqueous asymmetric supercapacitor based on spinel LiMn2O4 and nitrogendoped graphene/porous carbon composite, Electrochim. Acta, 2015, vol. 180, p. 287.
  25. Guo, W.H., Liu, T.J., Jiang, P., and Zhang, Z.J., Freestanding porous Manganese dioxide/graphene composite films for high performance supercapacitors, Colloid Interface Sci., 2015, vol. 437, p. 304.
  26. Li, Y., Wang, G., Ye, K., Cheng, K., Pan, Y., Yan, P., Yin, J., and Cao, D., Facile preparation of threedimensional multilayer porous MnO2/reduced graphene oxide composite and its supercapacitive performance, J. Power Sources, 2014, vol. 271, p. 582.
  27. Cao, F., Pan, G.X., Xia, X.H., Tang, P.S., and Chen, H.F., Synthesis of hierarchical porous NiO nanotube arrays for supercapacitor application, J. Power Sources, 2014, vol. 264, p. 161.