Electrolyte systems for primary lithium-fluorocarbon power sources and their working efficiency in a wide temperature range

A. A. Ignatova A. A. Ignatova , G. Z. Tulibaeva G. Z. Tulibaeva , O. V. Yarmolenko O. V. Yarmolenko , S. A. Fateev S. A. Fateev
Российский электрохимический журнал
Abstract / Full Text

New compositions of liquid organic electrolytes with working temperatures of up to–50°С were developed for low-temperature primary Li/CF x power sources. Five different compositions of organic electrolytes with a 15-crown-5 (2 vol %) addition and without it were studied on laboratory Li/CF x power sources. 1МLiBF4 (LiPF6) in an ethylene carbonate/dimethyl carbonate/methyl propionate/ethylmethyl carbonate (EC/DMC/MP/EMC) (1: 1: 1: 2) mixture and 1 М LiPF6 in an EC/DMC/EMC (1: 1: 3) mixture each with a 15-crown-5 (2 vol %) addition were found to be the best compositions of organic electrolytes with working temperatures of up to–50°С. The electrochemical tests at 20 and–50°С in the Li/CF x system showed that the 15-crown-5 addition increased the length of the discharge plateau at–50°С three- or fourfold. The mechanisms responsible for the increase in the discharge capacity of the CF x cathode in the presence of a crown ether addition were suggested.

Author information
  • Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Chernogolovka, Moscow oblast, 142432, Russia

    A. A. Ignatova, G. Z. Tulibaeva & O. V. Yarmolenko

  • Alfa Plus Regional Consultation and Technical Center of Independent Current Sources, Moscow, 105094, Russia

    S. A. Fateev

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