Redox Behavior and Transport Properties of Composites Based on (Fe,Ni)3O4 ± δ for Anodes of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

V. A. Kolotygin V. A. Kolotygin , V. A. Noskova V. A. Noskova , S. I. Bredikhin S. I. Bredikhin , V. V. Kharton V. V. Kharton
Российский электрохимический журнал
Abstract / Full Text

The Fe–Ni–O system designed for producing bimetal-containing composite anodes of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) was studied. The solubility of nickel in the structure of spinel (Fe,Ni)3O4 ± δ at atmospheric oxygen pressure is ~1/3. Moderate reduction at 1023 K and p(O2) ≈ 10–20 atm leads to partial decomposition of spinels, forming an electron-conducting phase (Fe,Ni)1–yO and submicron bimetallic Fe–Ni particles on the oxide surface, which have potentially high catalytic activity. The electron conductivity has a thermally activated character and increases substantially during the reduction. In the anode conditions of SOFCs, the electric conductivity reaches 30–100 S/cm, while the thermal expansion coefficients are ~12 × 10–6 K–1, which ensures compatibility with solid electrolytes. At the same time, significant volume changes during the redox cycling (up to ~1% on the linear scale) necessitate the introduction of additional components such as yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ). The polarization resistance of the model composite anode of reduced Fe2NiO4 ± δ and YSZ deposited on the YSZ solid electrolyte membrane was ~1.8 Ohm cm2 at 923 K in a 4% H2–Ar–H2O atmosphere.

Author information
  • Institute of Solid State Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Chernogolovka, Moscow oblast, 142432, Russia

    V. A. Kolotygin, V. A. Noskova, S. I. Bredikhin & V. V. Kharton

  • National University of Science and Technology MISiS, Moscow, 119991, Russia

    V. A. Noskova

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