The interfacial surface area and the electrode surface coverage by a product during the nucleation and growth of a new phase are modeled numerically and calculated analytically for electrochemical intercalation of lithium in aluminum in the course of which intermetallic compound Β-LiAl forms. As opposed to the theoretical calculation, the model accounts for mutual influence of the new-phase nuclei on their distribution over the cathode surface under conditions of noninstantaneous nucleation. The ordering of such a distribution varies extremally (passes through a maximum) with increasing size of zones where the nucleation probability is low and which surround the nuclei. This makes the dependence of a maximum specific interfacial area on the zone radius extremal as well. The model may be applied for analyzing potentiostatic current transients during cathodic intercalation of lithium in aluminum from a LiClO4 solution in propylene carbonate.