Effect of Stabilizers on the Morphology of a Platinum Dispersion Deposited on the Surface of Perfluorinated Membrane

D. S. Kudashova D. S. Kudashova , I. V. Falina I. V. Falina , N. A. Kononenko N. A. Kononenko
Russian Journal of Electrochemistry
Abstract / Full Text

The effect of the nature, concentration of nanoparticle stabilizers, and pH of the reducing agent solution on morphological features of platinum deposited on the perfluorinated membrane surface is studied. It is found that ethylene glycol and polyethylene glycol stabilize platinum dispersion not only in the solution, but also in the membrane. Efficiency of application of modified membranes as polymer electrolyte in a low-temperature hydrogen–air fuel cell is estimated. It is shown that power characteristics of a membrane-electrode assembly with hybrid membranes obtained using ethylene glycol as platinum dispersion stabilizers are higher than those obtained using polyethylene glycol.

Author information
  • Kuban State University, 350040, Krasnodar, Russia

    D. S. Kudashova, I. V. Falina & N. A. Kononenko

  1. Lebedeva, O.V., Proton conducting membranes for hydrogen-air fuel elements, Izv. VUZov,Prikl. Khim. Biotekhnol., 2016, vol. 6, no 1, p. 7.
  2. Bagotzky, V.S., Osetrova, N.V., and Skundin, A.M., Fuel Cells: State-of-the-art and major scientific and engineering problems, Russ. J. Electrochem., 2003, vol. 39, p. 919.
  3. Kozlov, S.I. and Fateev, V.N., Fuel cells—promising chemical sources of electrical energy, Transp. Al’tern. Topl., 2014, vol. 38, no. 2, p. 7.
  4. Dobrovol’skii, Yu.A., Volkov, E.V., Pisareva, A.V., Fedotov, Yu.A., Likhachev, D.Yu., and Rusanov, A.L., Proton-exchange membranes for hydrogen-air fuel cells, Russ. J. General Chem., 2007, vol. 77, no. 4, p. 766.
  5. Berezina, N.P., Chernyaeva M.A., Kononenko, N.A., and Dolgopolov S.V., Hybrid materials based on MF‑4SK perfluorinated, sulfonated cation-exchange membranes and platinum, Pet. Chem., 2011, vol. 51, no. 7, p. 502.
  6. Sheppard, S.-A., Campbell, S.A., Smith, J.R., Lloyd, G.W., Ralph, T. R., and Walsh, F.C., Electrochemical and microscopic characterisation of platinum-coated perfluorosulfonic acid (Nafion 117) materials, Analyst, 1998, vol. 123, p. 1923.
  7. Sode, A., Ingle, N.J.C., McCormick, M., Bizzotto, D., Gyenge, E., Ye, S., Knights, S., and Wilkinson, D.P., Controlling the deposition of Pt nanoparticles within the surface region of Nafion, J. Membr. Sci., 2011, vol. 376, p. 162.
  8. Lee, W.-D., Lim, D.-H., Chun, H.-J., and Lee, H.-I., Preparation of Pt nanoparticles on carbon support using modified polyol reduction for low-temperature fuel cells, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 2012, vol. 37, p. 12629.
  9. Belenov, S.V., Gebretsadik, V.Y., Guterman, V.E., Skikina, L.M., and Lyanguzov, N.V., Influence of the solvent ethylene glycol on the properties of Pt/C catalysts, Kondens.Sredy Mezhfaznye Granitsy, 2015, vol. 17, no. 1, p. 37.
  10. Guterman, V.E., Belenov, S.V., Dymnikova, O.V., Lastovina, T.A., Konstantinova, Y.B., and Prutsakova, N.V., Influence of water-organic solvent composition on composition and structure of Pt/C and PtxNi/C electrocatalysts in borohydride synthesis, Inorg. Mater., 2009, vol. 45, no. 5, p. 498.
  11. Belenov S.V., Gebretsadik, V.Y., Guterman, V.E., Volochaev, V.A., Skibina, L.M., and Lyanguzov, N.V., Effect of surfactants on the morphology and catalytic activity of platinum electrolytic precipitation, Kondens.Sredy Mezhfaznye Granitsy, 2016, vol. 18, no. 1, p. 28.
  12. Jiménez-Pérez, R., Sevilla, J.M., Pineda, T., Blázquez, M., and Gonzalez-Rodriguez, J., Electrocatalytic performance enhanced of the electrooxidation of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) and ethanol on platinum nanoparticles surface. A contribution to the analytical determination of GHB in the presence of ethanol, Sens. Actuators, B, 2018, vol. 256, p. 553.
  13. Alekseenko, A.A., Guterman, V.E., and Volochaev, V.A., Microstructure optimization of Pt/C catalysts for PEMFC, Springer Proc. Phys., 2016, vol. 175, p. 37.
  14. Falina, I.V., Popova, D.S., and Kononenko, N.A., Morphology and transport properties of hybrid materials based on perfluorinated membranes, polyaniline and platinum, Russ. J. Electrochem., 2018, vol. 54, no. 11, p. 956.